home > SESSION 5 > 13

contribution 13 - MUKESHIMANA Florida

français english


ICTR assessment


transtlated version

Thank you, Mr. Chair. I would like to revisit the issue that Mr. Nsengimana has raised which relates to reconciliation and justice. And for three days people have been saying that if the crime of the genocide is being tried, crimes committed by the RPF also need to go on trial. They say that this way true justice and reconciliation can be obtained for the Rwandan people.

I would like to ask what about political assassinations of 1994? And let me say that it is not out of happenstance that the genocidaires, before executing their plan, started by murdering the opposition politicians. In Rwanda these persons have been forgotten, as well as the ICTR and the international community has forgotten these persons who fought for a change.

My second thought does not pertain to the ICTR, but allow me, however, to take the opportunity of the presence of eminent jurists, lawyers, intellectuals and academics to raise this issue. The genocide was planned and executed by Rwandans, and I believe this is without a doubt. But I believe that there are people, perhaps not individuals, but cooperate entities who probably facilitated the genocide. I dare mention the United Nations, which was privy to the preparation of the massacres. I may also mention some European states which were aware of the preparation of the massacres, they facilitated that genocide by way of providing weapons or by way of providing the training of soldiers and militia. And, obviously, when one is a victim of that Rwandan tragedy, we still have questions on our minds and we wonder where justice lies. Let me underscore the Blue Berets’ forsake, the ETO-Kicukiro case and the Ndera case were abandoned.

And these are questions which haunt victims and survivors of the Rwandan tragedy, and especially those who found refugee in the places where UN troops were. And that is a thought I should put to you.


Thank you for that thought. That is one of the problems of the International Tribunals which, at the end of the day, lose sight of the other stakeholders.
We have two last speakers, Ms. Haskell and Mr. Amoussouga. I will then ask the Prosecutors to be brief and just respond as best they can to the multiple questions that have been put to them. Thank you. Mrs. Haskell, you have the floor.